Peer review refers to the assessment of research or researchers by others working in the same or a related field. Peer review is used in the selection of works for publication, in the evaluation of funding applications and in the selection and promotion of staff. Peer review plays an important role in research by helping to maintain high standards and encourage accurate, thorough and credible research reporting. It is therefore important that peer review is fair, impartial and independent.

UQ researchers act in accordance with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2018) and the University’s Responsible Conduct of Research Policy, which include the following responsibilities related to peer review:

  • Participate in peer review in a way that is fair, rigorous and timely and maintains the confidentiality of the content

All researchers can expect to have their work peer-reviewed. Participation as a reviewer is therefore a responsibility of researchers. Participation also provides advantages to individuals by affording them a better understanding of the peer review system and by honing their critical evaluation skills.

Different peer review activities will require varying levels of assessment and reporting and researchers must follow the relevant guidelines and assessment criteria (e.g., of a journal or funding body). Peer reviewers are also expected to possess appropriate expertise, to acknowledge and disclose relevant interests and to obtain permission before delegating their responsibilities or asking others to assist with a review. Researchers must not seek to influence the process or outcomes when their work is undergoing review.

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